An ergonomic keyboard is a computer keyboard designed with ergonomic considerations to minimize muscle strain and a host of related problems. Typically such keyboards for two-handed typists are constructed in a V shape, to allow right and left hands to type at a slight angle more natural to the human form.
A “fixed-split keyboard” is a single board, with the keys separated into two or three groups, allowing the user to type at a different angle than the typical straight keyboard.
An “adjustable split keyboard” has the keyboard split into several independent pieces, so the angle between them can be easily changed.
A further development of the split concept are contoured keyboards like the Kinesis Advantage line, which place the keys into two depressions set approximately at shoulder width, with function keys set between the key groups for use with the thumbs. In this configuration, very little movement of arms and wrists is required.
The angled split keyboard (sometimes referred to as a Klockenburg keyboard) is similar to a split keyboard, but the middle is tented up so that the index fingers are higher than the little fingers while typing. Key Ovation makes the Goldtouch ergonomic keyboard which is an adjustable angled split keyboard.
An ergonomic keyboard may reduce muscle strain and reduce risk of carpal tunnel syndrome or other kinds of repetitive strain injuries. After a user takes the time to adjust to this style of keyboard, they can help reduce strain and increase typing speed.